SVConnections May 2016
September 2017

2-Faced 2-D Material is a First at Rice

From Rice University, August 14, 2017, by Mike Williams:
"The Rice laboratory of materials scientist Jun Lou has made a semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) that starts as a monolayer of molybdenum diselenide. They then strip the top layer of the lattice and replace precisely half the selenium atoms with sulfur. The new material they call Janus sulfur molybdenum selenium (SMoSe) has a crystalline construction the researchers said can host an intrinsic electric field and that also shows promise for catalytic production of hydrogen. Tight control of the conditions in a typical chemical vapor deposition furnace - 800 degrees Celsius (1,872 degrees Fahrenheit) at atmospheric pressure - allowed the sulfur to interact with only the top layer of selenium atoms and leave the bottom untouched. READ FULL ARTICLE.

Source:   Rice University
I mage:  Jing Zhang

Fast and Sensitive Mid-IR Detectors for Gas Sensing

From EuroPhotonics, June 2017, by Adam Piotrowski (Vigo Systems, S.A., Poland):
" Mid-IR gas-sensing applications are currently some of the fastest-growing markets for sensors, driven by social needs for better quality of life, geopolitical situations and recent technological advances such as fast, uncooled detectors, new tunable sources and mid-IR optics. And the need is growing. Traditionally, these detectors have been grown by liquid phase epitaxy. The present development of high-operating-temperature IR photodetectors has been dominated by complex bandgap heterostructures grown by low-pressure and flexible technologies such as molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) or metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). READ FULL ARTICLE.
Source: EuroPhotonics
Image:  EuroPhotonics 

Breathable, Wearable Electronics on Skin for Long-Term Health Monitoring

From EurekAlert!, July 17, 2017 by the University of Tokyo:

"A hypoallergenic electronic sensor can be worn on the skin continuously for a week without discomfort, and is so light and thin that users forget they even have it on, says a Japanese group of scientists. The scientists at the University of Tokyo's Graduate School of Engineering have developed an electrode constructed from nanoscale meshes containing a water-soluble polymer, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and a gold layer -- materials considered safe and biologically compatible with the body. The device can be applied by spraying a tiny amount of water, which dissolves the PVA nanofibers and allows it to stick easily to the skin--it conformed seamlessly to curvilinear surfaces of human skin." READ FULL ARTICLE.

NASA Team Takes on a New Optical Challenge

From NASA, May 30, 2017 by Lori Keesey (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center):
" Optical experts at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, are investigating techniques for creating highly reflective aluminum mirrors sensitive to the infrared, optical, and far-ultraviolet wavelength bands - a broad spectral range envisioned for proposed space telescopes after the James Webb Space Telescope and Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope. These proposed missions would tackle a broad range of astrophysics studies, from the epoch of reionization, through galaxy formation and evolution, to star and planet formation. Unfortunately, no one has developed a coating that effectively protects and maintains a mirror's high reflectivity in the 90- to 130-nanometer range, also known as the Lyman Alpha range. The team specifically is studying three different techniques and materials for creating and applying protective coatings on aluminum mirrors to prevent them from oxidizing when exposed to oxygen and losing their reflectivity. Under one coating approach, the team would use physical vapor deposition to apply a thin layer of xenon difluoride gas to an aluminum sample. They are also investigating the use of ion-assisted physical vapor deposition and atomic layer deposition to apply thin films of aluminum trifluoride. "   READ FULL ARTICLE.
Source: NASA
Image: NASA / W. Hrybyk  

Self-Powered System Makes Smart Windows Smarter 

From Princeton University, June 30, 2017, by Sharon Adarlo:
" Researchers at Princeton University have developed a different type of smart window: a self-powered version that promises to be inexpensive and easy to apply to existing windows. This system features solar cells that selectively absorb near-ultraviolet (near-UV) light, so the new windows are completely self-powered. Researchers described how they used organic semiconductors - contorted hexabenzocoronene (cHBC) derivatives - for constructing the solar cells. To construct the solar cell, the semiconductor molecules are deposited as thin films on glass with the same production methods used by organic light-emitting diode manufacturers. READ FULL ARTICLE.

Critical Materials Institute Manufactures Magnets Entirely from U.S.-Sourced Rare Earths

From Ames Laboratory, July 28, 2017:

" The Critical Materials Institute, a U.S. Department of Energy Innovation Hub, has fabricated magnets made entirely of domestically sourced and refined rare-earth metals. They are typical by the standard of NdFeB magnets. The process used to make them is based on the techniques used elsewhere, albeit with some significant advances in a couple of crucial steps. But in the global rare-earth metals market, the provenance is extraordinary -- U.S.-mined ores, domestically processed, and domestically manufactured into magnets. And that's important, because rare-earth magnets are used in a wide and ever-increasing number of modern technologies, and the ability to produce them domestically could have broad positive impact on national economy and security. " READ FULL ARTICLE.

System for Repairing Cracks in Structures

From Tech Briefs, July 1, 2017 by Langley Research Center (Hampton, VA):

" NASA's Langley Research Center has developed an innovative coating to heal cracks in metal components, such as in aircraft and bridges. A metal structure is coated with a low-temperature healing agent and when a crack is produced under cyclic load, it is then subjected to an external heat source (to heat the healing film to 250 °F - 300 °F). The component is processed in a vacuum. The coating has been prototyped on a titanium alloy sheet with an indium-tin eutectic alloy coating. Development is ongoing to produce a coating that does not require a vacuum and utilizes an integrated heat source." READ FULL ARTICLE.

S ource: Tech BriefsVol. 41, No. 7, pg. 41. Reprinted with permission.
Image:  Tech Briefs  

Brookhaven Lab Reaches Major Milestone for Large Synoptic Survey Telescope Project

From Brookhaven National Laboratory, June 26, 2017:

" Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have completed the first "science raft" for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), a massive telescope designed to capture images of the universe like never before. The raft is part of the sensor array that will make up the crucial camera segment of the telescope, and its completion is the first major milestone for Brookhaven's role in the project. Now under construction on a mountaintop in Chile, LSST will capture an image of the entire sky in the southern hemisphere every three nights, allowing researchers to create a time-lapse movie of the universe. The 3,200 megapixel sensor array being developed at Brookhaven is what will enable LSST to capture this extraordinary view when it begins operations in 2023. " READ FULL ARTICLE.


DOE Announces $46.2 Million for 48 Projects to Advance Solar Power Technologies

From Department of Energy, July 12, 2017:

" T he Department of Energy (DOE) announced $46.2 million for 48 projects as part of its SunShot Initiative. These projects are intended to develop innovative, early-stage solar power technologies, which are aimed at lowering costs and improving reliability and efficiency. The projects span two SunShot programs: Photovoltaics Research and Development 2: Modules and Systems (PVRD2), ($20.5 million) which will advance research in solar photovoltaic technology; and Technology to Market 3 (T2M3), ($25.7 million) which supports early-stage solar technology research. In addition, cost share requirements will leverage additional private sector funding, yielding a total public and private investment of nearly $65 million. READ FULL ARTICLE.

Thin Film Encapsulation of Moisture-Sensitive Flexible Electronics

From the Organic and Printed Electronics (OPE) Journal, July 
2017, by Mark Steltenpool and Luca Gautero (Meyer Burger):
" High throughput manufacturing of thin film moisture barriers is key for the marketability of moisture-sensitive flexible electronics. Meyer Burger (MBNL) has developed both sheet-to-sheet (S2S) and roll-to-roll (R2R) equipment for the fabrication of TFE. Inorganic thin film deposition and organic layer coating are combined into single, fully automated cluster tools with industrial manufacturing capabilities. Two solutions are compared by MBNL which differ by the deposition technique of the inorganic layer: either (spatial) atomic layer deposition (sALD) or plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD).  Sheet-to-sheet (S2S) or roll-to-roll (R2R) are common equipment implementations. READ FULL ARTICLE.
Source:  OPE Journal 

Thermal Spray Challenges: What Do We Do Next?

From Advanced Materials and Processes, July/August 2017, by Christopher C. Berndt (FASM) and Andrew Ang (Swinburne University of Technology, Australia):
" This article promotes a discussion to reveal the hidden future of thermal spray. Some past successes, failures, and unrealized potentials of industrial and manufacturing outcomes are presented, and details of the knowns and unknowns of the thermal spray portfolio are given. Thermal sprayed nanocomposite coatings have been adopted commercially in many industries including the automotive, aerospace, marine, and medical fields, with potential in many others.  Thermal spray technology presents a versatile approach to deposit nanocomposite coatings." The article evaluates the features of thermal spray and looks at its use in new applications.   READ FULL ARTICLE .

Precision Work: Defect-Free Coatings for Silicon Spheres

From Fraunhofer Institute for Surface Engineering and Thin Films (IST), July 4, 2017:
" The prototype kilogram - to which all scales are calibrated to - is losing weight. International efforts are striving to redefine the base unit for measuring mass and, in future, redefine the kilogram on natural constants. For this purpose, the Avogadro experiment determines the number of atoms in almost perfect silicon spheres. Fraunhofer researchers have recently succeeded in homogeneously coating the spherical surfaces - the measurement uncertainty can be limited to a range below 10 micrograms. For the coating, the researchers at the IST selected the Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD). The coatings of the silicon sphere have been concluded and now the measurements are being performed at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) (the national metrology institute of Germany). The results will be available this summer and will then be presented at the Conference on Weights and Measures in autumn 2018. READ FULL ARTICLE.
Advertising Index

Thin Film Research
Pfeiffer 2300

Advanced Energy

Materials Accelerating Innovation

September 18-20, 2017

The Strategic Materials Conference-SMC 2017, is a two and half day conference with a, newly added pre-conference Welcome Reception on Monday, September 18, from 5:30-7:00pm. SMC brings together key players from the semiconductor industry ecosystem to share insights on the latest developments in Advanced Materials. It is the only premier conference devoted to technology and business drivers of materials in the microelectronics supply chain. SMC is also a great opportunity to network with industry leaders and colleagues.
Delve into what's driving demand for new materials, 5nm and Beyond, the Future of the Materials Market in China, Heterogeneous Integration, and many more topics. The conference attracts a highly influential audience from every segment of the semiconductor manufacturing industry and provides comprehensive in-depth content and unprecedented networking opportunities for professionals who share common strategic objectives for the extended electronics ecosystem.

Register now at

October 15 - 18
Naples Grande Beach Resort, Naples, Florida
Conference Highlights
  • Comprehensive Agenda - Combined conferences allow attendees to choose from over 100 presentations with a single registration
  • Optional Short Courses - Five short courses available to enhance your conference experience
  • TableTop Receptions - Two informal receptions featuring over 80 tabletop exhibits from top suppliers, converters and consultants
  • Expert Participants - Opportunities to speak with some of the top technical professionals in the industry on your particular areas of interest
  • Networking Opportunities - Conference designed to facilitate excellent networking opportunities through meals, breaks and optional activities surrounding the technical sessions
  • Optional Activities - AIMCAL Scramble Golf Tournament, Dr. Bernard Henry Memorial 5k Fun Run, and other local activities

SVCF logo

Society of Vacuum Coaters Foundation

Founding Principle: The Society of Vacuum Coaters recognizes that in order to sustain its growth, it is important to attract young, well trained individuals to the field of Vacuum Coatings.

The SVC Foundation pursues this principle by providing scholarships to well qualified students planning to enter fields related to vacuum coatings, and/or providing stipends for travel expenses to attend the annual SVC Technical Conference, usually to present technical papers. The Society of Vacuum Coaters (SVC), the SVCF's founder, and AIMCAL, an organization committed to advancing vacuum roll-coating technology, and their members, provides support for the Foundation to pursue these goals.

Since its inception in 2002, the SVCF has awarded more than 50 scholarships and travel awards totaling over $180,000 to students from 18 countries. Our support can really have an impact in the life of these students; quoting a recent award recipient:

"Not only does the scholarship give the gift of financial support and the possibility to continue learning, it also gives those that have a passion for vacuum coating the blessing of attending such a wonderful program [SVC TechCon] to network and further their knowledge."

Inviting scholarship recipients to the SVC TechCon is an important element of the overall strategy for attracting new talent to our industry. Scholarship beneficiaries carry a special identification on the TechCon badge and we encourage you to meet them and make them feel welcome.

Scholarship Applications must be postmarked by November 30th of each year.

Like us on FacebookFollow us on TwitterView our profile on LinkedIn

Do You Have an Interesting Article to Share?

Interested in sharing the latest news in vacuum coating technology?  Forward us a link to an article you want to share with the rest of the SVC readership to .  Purchase advertising space in this newsletter by contacting SVC at .  

SVConnections Contributing Editors: 
Carl M. Lampert, SVC Technical Director 
Joyce Lampert

Society of Vacuum Coaters 
PO Box 10628
Albuquerque, NM 87184

Confirm that you like this.

Click the "Like" button.